Wednesday, May 6, 2020
California Drought California is the state located in southwest of the North America and is the third largest state beside Texas and Alaska. California is well known for its sunny and friendly weather. Other than that, abundant job opportunities, great education, and rich culture draw many resettlers not only Americans moving from other states, but also immigrants resettling here from all over the world. Large population will certainly increase the demand of water and food to fulfill the basic human needs. Yet one fact shows that the total urban water usage in California only accounts for roughly ten percent. Food actually requires more water to produce than the urban uses. Agriculture in California plays an huge role as producer andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Instead of letting the drought conditions become worse, both agricultural practice and personal habits have to be changed. Only understanding how to use water efficiently as well as how to conserve water effectively are the only ways to surviv e from water crisis. This is a challenge for every Californian, agricultural provider and the state governor. Before finding solutions for the drought trends, knowing where California get its water supply is essential. Colorado River system provides an important source of water for Southern California and supports Los Angeles and San Diego County, where dwell the most population in the south. The reliable water resource lessen the current water stress and drought problems as well as given enough water for domestic use . However, water supply from the Colorado river can only be considered as a short-term solution in terms of drought. Expanding urban area and growing population in Southern California increase the demand of water, and on top of that California is not the only thirsty state that shares water supply from the same river system. Michael Wines emphasises that These new realities are forcing a profound reassessment of how the 1,450-mile Colorado, the SouthwestÃ¢â¬â¢s only major river, can continue to slake the thirst of one of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s fastest-growing regions. Agriculture, from CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s Imperial Valley to WyomingÃ¢â¬â¢s cattle herds, soaks up about three-quarters of its water, and produces 15 percent of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s food.
string(26) " it is totally different\." Is Flirting the Same as Sexual Harassment Critical Thinking 1760 Jue Hou 210625481 Professor Anthony Falikowski 2012/11/6 Word Count: 1226 Step 1: Model Case A sixty year old librarian trying to flirt with a young girl in the library by telling a sex joke when she is borrowing a book. The action annoys the girl a lot and she tries to leave the library as quick as she can. But the librarian stops the girl to flirt with her again by touching her face and arms which is inappropriate and scares the girl deeply. We will write a custom essay sample on Is Flirting the Same as Sexual Harassment or any similar topic only for you Order Now The girl calls the police. Flirting |Sexual Harassment | |The receiver feels happy |Often by forcing | |It relates to sex |Sexual content( relates to sex) | |ItÃ¢â¬â¢s naughty, funny and exciting |Often involve physical touch and coarse | |The receiver wishes it |language | |Both the person who is doing it or the |Degrades people | |receiver have positive attitude toward |It is a crime | |each other |It scares people | |The receiver feels honour and attractive. It leaves the victim a negative memory | |It often involves welcomed physical touch |The victim does not wish or desire it. | |and flattering language |The victim feels shameful, sad, and angry | In this case, the inappropriate flirting definitely results the same as sexual harassment. The girl feels insulting and all the negative feelings caused by sexual harassment. Step 2: Contrary Case A middle age woman is troubled by lacking a boy friend for a long time. She meets a handsome and wealthy man in the bar. The man has a c rush on her and trying to flirt with the woman by flattering her beauty and making some loving touch on her hair and shoulder. The woman is very happy and they finally wake up in the same bed together next morning. Flirting |Sex Harassment |Why not sex harassment | |The receiver feels happy |It involves forcing |The victim of harassment does not feel | |Welcomed physical touch and flattering |It is a crime |good | |It is equally happy and acceptable for |It scares and degrades people |No one is being forced | |both sides | |No one committed a crime | | | |Sex harassment does not welcome the | | | |physical touch | | | |Only the person commits sex harassment | | | |feels happy and acceptable. | | | |No one is being scared and degraded | In this case, flirting is not the same as sexual harassment because everyone is happy and well accepted what the other is doing. Step 3: Borderline Case A young and beautiful woman wears a sexy dress in a party that held by her company. She tries to catch the eye of her boss and makes a good impression to her boss which is good for her career. Her boss is deeply attracted by her and flirting with her by touching the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s butt and whispering closely beside her ears. The action is definitely out of the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s control and out of her plan. She does not intend to cheat on her husband with her boss, but she can not claim her boss committed a sexual harassment because her career might be ended and it is hard to explain to her husband. Flirting |Sexual Harassment | |Can be used as a strategy to gain profit |It is defined by the receiver | |Can cause moral issue (cheats on the partner) |The victim may be forced to stay silent | |Can go far beyond then what one expected |It l eads a negative effect to the marriage | |The receiver may misunderstands it | | In this case, the victim is hardly making any move. If she claims her boss for sexual harassment, her career might be ended and her husband would be so angry to her. Step 4: Social Contest A. Who would ask this question? A man who is claimed sexual harassment by a woman, however he believes that the girl was flirting with him first and he was just flirting back. This reminds me to the controversial case of Kobe Bryant who is a famous basketball player. A waitress claimed she was sexually harassed by Kobe, but Kobe thinks she was flirting with him first. The waitress got a huge amount of compensation from Kobe. No one knows the truth of whether Kobe is a sexual abuser or the whole event is a set up for money. B. Why would he ask this question? The man wonders why a flirting smile result in sexual harassment when he feels the woman was flirting with him first. Maybe he misunderstands the man or maybe it is a dirty set up planed by the woman. C why is this a good social situation in which to place the question? As people are more and more focused on human rights and women rights, the guilty of sexual harassment has been raised higher and higher. However, the charity people hold for the disadvantage groups some times results negatively. Some people may use it to gain their own profit. It leads to the innocent man to doubt about the morality and his value towards the disadvantage groups. D What does C tell you about the concepts? The concept between flirting and sexual harassment can be hard to distinguish. A same conversation or body touch can be defined differently. The only way to define whether it is a sexual harassment or flirting is the attitude by the receiver. If the receiver believes it is flirting, then you are safe. If she or he believes it is a sexual harassment, then you better stop what you are doing or you may end up in jail. Step 5: Underlying Anxiety A. What sorts of feelings or worries cause you to personally ask this question? ? IÃ¢â¬â¢m curious on the concept of sexual harassment ? It is important to know what types of flirting will end to sexual harassment in order to stay away from a crime. ? I want to under stand more of flirting because it can help me to find a girlfriend. B. What about the question might cause you to worry? The question might be loaded that scares me to act flirting again. The way the question asked looks like flirting is being treated as sexual harassment some times which I believe it is totally different. You read "Is Flirting the Same as Sexual Harassment" in category "Essay examples" And it could be a misleading that the two concepts are not related at all. C How are A and B helpful in understanding the question? ? It can help me to take my own position towards the question, and my position and concerns could be the same as majority. ? Perhaps the my worries may prove the question is very problematic that it miss-related two unrelated things ? After looking at my worries, I might find a new hidden factor of the question. Like is it a social cause to have the situation that flirting is taking form of sexual harassment Step 6: practical results A. If flirting is a form of sexual harassment ? Flirting is a crime. ? A potential couple hardly shows their interest to each other. ? The penalty of sexual harassment is hard to address ? A decrease in number of marriage and result in a negative increase in world population B. If flirting is not a form of sexual harassment. ? People who committed sexual harassment will claim they are flirting ? Inappropriate sexual attend will increase ? The victim of sexual harassment will hardly maintain their human rights Step 7: produce definitions of key concepts Flirting |Sexual Harassment | |The receiver feels happy |Often by forcing | |It relates to sex |Sexual content( relates to sex) | |ItÃ¢â¬â¢s naughty, funny and excting |Often involve physical touch and coarse | |The receiver wishes it |language | |Both the person who is doing it or the |Degrades people | |receiv er have positive attitude toward |It is a crime | |each other |It scares people | |The receiver feels honored and attractive. It leaves the victim a negative memory | |It often involves welcomed physical touch |The victim does not wish or desire it. | |and flattering language |The victim feels shameful, sad, and angry | Flirting: a naughty, funny, exciting and welcomed physical touch or flattering language, often relates to sexuality, which makes the receiver feels happy, honored and attractive. Sexual harassment: a sexual crime which committed by inappropriate physical touch and coarse language often by forcing. It is degrading and the victim feels shameful, sad, angry, and leaves the victim a negative memory because it is not what the victim whishes or desires. Step 8: Analytical chart Exclusive to flirting |Common to both |Exclusive to harassment | |Equally shared the positive attitude |Both of them relates to sexuality (T) |Different result that harassment leads to| |towards bot h the receiver and the actor |Both could involves physical touch (T) |shameful sad and angry but flirting leads| |(I) | |to happy and honored. (I) | 1. Both of them relates to sexuality. It is trivial because it relates to sex does not hold any importance in the outcome of the two concept. Sex itself does not tell you good or bad. However, an unwanted or forced sex is bad, wishful and desirable sex is positive. 2. Flirting leads to equally shared the positive attitude towards both the receiver and the actor. This is important because we can know that they both have positive feelings to each other so that no one is being forced unlike sexual harassment which against human rights. 3. The result is different between flirting and sexual harassment. This is important and it is a main difference between the two concepts. Flirting leads to happiness but harassment leads to shameful and sad. It is always important to look at the result. It is the main measurement to value oneÃ¢â¬â¢s action. As students in York University, people must get familiar with the idea of sexual harassment. Students are tired of hearing the news of someone is getting sexually abused in the library, in the hall way, or any place in York that people exist. It even happened last month. But the news involving sexual harassment are always on the top of our attentions because people are increasingly paying attentions to the human rights and particularly the rights of disadvantage groups. The sexual harassment is no longer only taken the forms of raping, forcing, or grouping as people used to think. An inappropriate sex joke or an unwanted physical touch could consider as sexual harassment as well. This would make people think is flirting considered the same as sexual harassment. The author argues that flirting does share a trivial similarity with sexual harassment, but they are essentially different. Both of flirting and sexual harassment deals with sexuality, but the receiverÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards the action is different and he outcomes they have are entirely contrary. First of all, both of flirting and sexual harassment share the same purpose of requesting sex to another. No mater what way a person is flirting, they can not cover the truth that they have sexual interest to the person they try to flirt, and so is sexual harassment. However, the similarity is trivial because people can not claim whether it is right or wrong by the action of sex itself. It is totally different between a forcing or unwanted sex and a wishful or desirable one. It is like a complete stop at the stop sign is different from not stopping the car at all although they are all dealing with driving. As a result, one can not conclude that flirting is the same as sexual harassment only because they both relates to sexuality. Some people may contradict this idea by claiming that not all flirting can receive a positive feed back. The receiver may not like the flirting or feels comfortable, and the result of this flirting would be the same as sexual harassment which makes the two concepts are the same. However, the objection misunderstands the definition of flirting. Flirting indicates a naughty, funny, exciting and welcomed physical touch or flattering language, often relates to sexuality, which makes the receiver feels happy, honored and attractive. It clearly states that the receiver likes the action and feels happy. If the receiver hates the action, then it is not called flirting but sexual harassment. The objection leads to a major difference between the two concepts as stated below. Flirting equally shares the positive attitude towards both the receiver and the actor, but sexual harassment is only taken as one-sided willingness. As ones should notice, sexual harassment often involves forcing and the actor is being satisfied by against the will of the victim. On the other hand, everyone is feeling joyful and satisfied in the case of flirting. This difference is definitely important. People have their rights to choose what they want and achieve their willingness on their own. It is the basic of human rights, and anything that stops them from their legal willingness should be considered as a crime which is exactly the case of sexual harassment which sexually satisfies the actor by forcing the victim to do what they are not willing to do. An objection of this argument could be that whether the action is defined as flirting or sexual harassment is only based on the words of the receiver. There are lots of cases that during the conversation or physical touch, the receiver is happy and joyful. But, he or she lies that the actor committed a sexual harassment later on. It could be the reasons of compensation or being famous. The point is this kind of thing exists in the modern society, and it results a lovely flirting ends up to a sexual harassment. The author would shut the objection down by stating the key definition of flirting again. In the case of flirting, both of actor and the receiver feels happy, satisfied and joyful. However, in the case of the objection, the actor is definitely not feeling happy after he is forced to the title of sexual abuser. It should be considered as a dirty set up which is not even close to the loving action called flirting. Last but not least, the results come from flirting and sexual harassment are entirely different. Sexual harassment scares, degrades people and makes the victim feels shameful, sad, and angry. It leaves the victim a negative memory in the future which he or she will never forget. It is a scar in the mind that reminds people the tragedy will hurts people forever in the rest of their lives. It is a nightmare that wakes people up in the late night and keeps them awake until morning when the sun raises but the sunshine hardly goes throw the window. On the contrary, flirting does not cause any pain for both the actor and receiver. It brings happiness, excitement, and pleasure to them. It is the sweet dream that holds people together, and it is the beginning of a loving relationship or marriage. The difference is important because the results are the main measurement to value each of the two concepts. If sexual harassment ends up to the result of happiness and joy as flirting, then it is not a crime or prohibited by the society. Likewise, if flirting causes painfulness and against the will of the receiver, then it should be considered as a crime which is prohibited by the society. As a result, the difference between the outcomes of the two concepts distinguishes the ideas of flirting and sexual harassment. Some people could give an example of contrary, and it is a true event happened in Toronto. A brother in law was sexually abusing his sister in law by raping. The girl was fighting hard at first, but after a few minutes, the excitement caused by forbidden sex fulfilled her mind. They kept having this relation for a long time and both of them felt happy. The example may prove that the sexual harassment can end up in peace and joy which is the same as flirting, and it shows that flirting is the same as sexual harassment. The author admits that the unexpected sex does cause excitement, and so does the feeling of reaching sexual climax. But, there is no way for this kind of excitement takes the form of happiness. It only causes guilty, disloyalty, and unfaithfulness. No matter how long, there is one day they are going to experience the shame and degradation by their own moral judgement, and find out that sexual harassment is never going to be the same as flirting. The relations between people are getting much more complicate while people are trying to reduce the responsibilities they should carry on their sexualities. But the sex is never getting any simpler as people expected. Social problems are raised because of the inappropriate attend to sex which is claimed as sexual harassment. It is a one-sided will that hurts the victim and leads to a negative effect on the victim. Although, both sexual harassment and flirting are dealing with sexuality, flirting satisfies both the actor and the reviverÃ¢â¬â¢s willingness and has a positive outcome. Outline Position: Flirting and sexual harassment shares a trivial similarity, but essentially different 1. both deal with sex explain first and prove it is trivial by an example with of driving habit in order to show this trivial similarity might leads to important difference Objection: flirting may have negative feed back which result the same as sexual harassment Response: by definition, if it response negatively, then it is not flirting but sexual harassment 2. ne is one-sided willingness, the other satisfies both wills explain and prove it is important by the basic of human rights and show why harassment is a crime but flirting is not Objection: flirting or harassment is explained only by the opinion of the receiver, if she/he lies the result of a flirting may end up the same as harassment. Response: this case may violate the flirtingÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of both actor and receiver are happy, so it is a set up but not an action of flirting. 3. outcomes are different Explain that one has possible outcome and one has negative. Objection: the example of sexual harassment proves excitement caused by prohibited sex Response: the excitement is morally wrong and leads to shame and degradation How to cite Is Flirting the Same as Sexual Harassment, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Touro University Worldwide Professional Ethics Signature Assignment Fall 2017-1 October 22 , 2017 Tamerla Glenn Dr. Michael Hamlin Technological advances have opened many doors for the counseling field. These innovative changes incorporated the way services and information are disseminated and retrieved by therapist and client. This paper loos at the commonly uses of communication modalities ethical issues, code of ethics, advantages, and disadvantages with online counseling. This paper also looks at the California Telemedicine Development Act of 1996. Technology has become an intricate part of our daily lives. Computers and cell phones are tools utilized by many in homes, the workplace and have become valuable in the field of counseling. In today's society therapist are working in multiple locations, and experiencing extensive travel time to client locations. With the expanding growth and convenience of the Internet, many are wondering if online will replace traditional face-to-face encounters (Wilczenski Coomey, 2006). Technological advances have opened many doors for the counseling field, many mental health practitioners rely on computers and the Internet for some aspects of their work including e-mail, chat rooms and video conference. These innovative changes incorporate the way services and information are disseminated and retrieved by practitioners and client. Today an individual can receive therapy-related services via the Internet, these services are known by a variety of names. including e-therapy, e-counseling, cyber- counseling, web counseling and online counseling (Wilczenski Coomey, 2006). Online counseling is described as the process of interacting with a practitioner via the internet using an electric means of communication. E-mail, chat room, telephone, and video conference all play a major role in providing reliable services to clients; these modalities offer an alternative communication between practitioner and client. E-mail is the simplest method of communication and does not require an appointment when used during online counseling. The client sends an email with specific question and the practitioners to work with client using real-time communication. Chat room delivers immediate feedback between client and practitioner with no delay between response times (Sussman, 2004). The cell phone has become accepted as an effective communication tool, it is convenience for consultation, crisis intervention, and assessment. Although, body language is absent, during the conversation, the communication is much more intense, and to the point (Sussman, 2004). Mental health practitioners must be skilled and flexible to respond to the growing demand. Clients are reaching out for help via the Internet employing e-mail, chat rooms, and video conferences. Oravec (2000) describes an occasion in which the Internet was utilized for therapy by an individual suffering from depression from the unexpected news that her husband was diagnosed with cancer. As the husband condition deteriorated the wife found herself searching the Internet for the support in dealing with her husband's illness. The Internet proved to be a valuable tool during the crisis. Online counseling provided an outlet to manage her depression and offered support with her husband illness. Although online counseling possesses some benefits, several limitations can hinder individuals who choose to use these services. Sussman (2004) believes there are many advantages to online counseling and any issues can be resolved. Online counseling provides access to individuals in isolated and under-served areas. those that are physically disabled or ill, and individuals who are unwilling to seek face-to-face service. Individuals taking care of a sick relative or child would not have to make arrangements to travel to an office; services will be readily available from the home. Practitioners have access to a larger database of potential clients, develop a more specialized practice and have flexibility to their work schedule. An additional advantage, the entire session is persevered electronically, which will benefit from online counseling, it is not for everyone and should not be a substitute for traditional face-to-face counseling. Several disadvantages have also been noted by (Centore Milacci, 2008). A potential for miscommunication can occur because of nonverbal cues, which can make it difficult assessing the client. Practitioners cannot ensure confidentially and privacy, email communication can be intercepted by a third party or hackers. It can be difficult for a practitioner to intervene in an emergency situation and the misrepresentation by practitioners and clients is also a major concern. According to Heinlein, Welfel, Richmond, Rak (2003), although technological
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Filipinos Are The Asian Primos of Latinos Link: https://www.theodysseyonline.com/dear-filipinos-hispanic-latino-southeast-asian To this day, people of Filipino and Mexican backgrounds have similar cultures in a way. They are seen and heard through their language, their attitudes, and their culture seen in television, media, food, and religious faiths. But while that may be, the similarity of the culture and background between Filipinos and Mexicans shows a connection between the two based on some factors. One being that the Filipinos had a connection with the Spaniards during the time when the Spaniards took over the Philippines, the revolutionary war between the Filipinos and the Spaniards, the pronunciation of certain words in the Tagalog and Spanish language, and the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs that are shared between Filipinos and Mexicans. Link: https://www.buzzfeed.com/kevinnadal/fil-am-history-facts Contents: The Philippine Revolution1900s to 1940s The U.S. Immigration of Filipinos and World War IIFilipinos in the 1960s, 1970s, and NowBehavior, Culture, Language, and Other Similarities Shared Between Filipinos and LatinosA Summary and ConclusionAnnotated Bibliography 1. The Philippine Revolution In the late 1590Ã¢â¬â¢s, the Spaniards began their rule in the Philippines. During those times, the Spaniards influenced the Filipinos with their culture, especially with the religion of the Roman-Catholic faith. But as it may be, the Filipinos saw the abuse of power within the colonial rule of the Spanish. When tensions between the Spaniards and the Filipinos were strains due to the SpaniardÃ¢â¬â¢s abuse of power, the Filipino clergy saw nothing but corruption of Ã¢â¬Å"the Spanish monopoly of the Roman Catholic churchÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Philippine RevolutionÃ¢â¬ 1). In the year 1872, there came the Cavite Mutiny. The Cavite Mutiny was a day that was meant for the deaths of three Filipino priests - JosÃ © Burgos, Mariano GÃ ³mez, and Jacinto Zamora. With their deaths, this gave the Filipinos Ã¢â¬Å"an excuse for renewed Spanish repressionÃ¢â¬ (1). In other words, it was the time for the Filipinos to rise up against the Spaniards for the oppression they had faced while unde r their rule. In due time, rebellions were created against the Spaniards with Ã¢â¬Å"a wave of anti-Spanish sentimentÃ¢â¬ (1). Filipinos during the Philippine Revolution. (Link: https://www.batangashistory.date/2018/03/blanco.html As the Philippine Revolution was rising, there came significant figures that lead the way for Filipino independence. In order to highly motivate the Filipinos to fight for Filipino independence, a significant figure by the name of Dr. JosÃ © Rizal showed the Filipinos the Ã¢â¬Å"corruption of the Manila Spanish societyÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Philippine RevolutionÃ¢â¬ 2). After Rizal was captured and executed by the Spaniards, the mantle of leadership was passed onto Emilio Aguinaldo. Although his leadership skills were moot which resulted in the Spaniards dominating the rebellion and Aguinaldo and his forces faced exile. But in 1898, the U.S. intervened and the Spanish were pushed back and the colonial rule of the Spaniards in the Philippines had dissolved. After a certain period, the Filipinos later fought for independence against the U.S. but later lost. From this, Aguinaldo called for all Filipinos to Ã¢â¬Å"cease fighting and accept U.S. sovereigntyÃ¢â¬ (2). Left: JosÃ © Rizal (Link: https://www.batangashistory.date/2018/03/blanco.html) Right: Emilio Aguinaldo (Link: bayaniart.com/emilio-aguinaldo/emilio-aguinaldo-2/) 2. 1900s to 1940s - The U.S. Immigration of Filipinos and World War II After the war between the United States and the Philippines, the Philippines was one of the colonies under the rule of the United States. This is specifically due to the Ã¢â¬Å"cultural Americanization of the Philippine populationÃ¢â¬ (Becker et al. 4). Since then, the Filipino immigration rates to the U.S. was increasing at a meager rate. At that time, Filipinos came to Hawaii to work at its sugar plantations; Alaska working as fishermen catching salmon; and California working in its agricultural fields. When World War II was came, the Philippines became allies with the U.S. in the fight against the Japanese. In turn, some Filipinos who served during World War II were rewarded the chance to immigrate to the U.S. for their dedication in working with the United States and fighting against the Japanese. In 1946, more than 100,000 Filipinos (Roces 3) migrated to the United States. Filipinos during World War II. They are preparing for the war in Luzon, Philippines. (Link: https://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/guerrilla-war-on-luzon-during-world-war-ii/) Prior to World War II, the Filipinos that migrated to the United States were mostly consisted of males. From this, it meant that they were barred from marrying white females (Roces 3) due to laws that prevented Filipinos from starting an interracial marriage and family. This resulted in Filipino males marrying a woman of a different race in order to start a family. Those laws that barred them from doing so were later dissolved after World War II. Although, the flow of Filipino immigrants coming to the United States came to a halt due to the Luce-Celler Act of 1946. But after 44 years, the immigration rate for Filipinos coming to the United States rose up once again when the Immigration Act of 1990 was passed. At that point in 1946, the colonization of the U.S. in the Philippines that happened after the Philippine-American War later brought in Ã¢â¬Å"the era of globalizationÃ¢â¬ (Becker et. al 3). In other words, a significant influence of Filipinos soon came to the United States once the war was over. Left: Filipino-Americans living their lives in Hollywood during the 1940s. (Link: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/85005511695320517/) Right: A Filipino family during the 1990s. (Link: https://www.tenement.org/blog/hyphenated-and-good-filipino-american-heritage-month/) 3. Filipinos in the 1960s, 1970s, and Now Twenty years after World War II and after the immigration rates of Filipinos had significantly dropped, Filipinos faced high rates of hate and racism along with the Mexicans who did so. In time, those Filipinos were a part of the Civil Rights Movement and began to combat against racism and oppression. A specific example would be the Filipinos that faced the same racism that the Mexicans did in Delano, California over the lower wages that they received. Soon, they too were a part of the Civil Rights Movement and fought back against the oppression they faced. In the 1980s, the population of Filipinos in the United States increased due to two factors: one factor being that Filipinos migrated to a different country, then migrated to the United States under their citizenship of the country they migrated to prior to coming to the United States. Then, in the 1990s, the rate of immigration between the Philippines and the United States increased once the Immigration Act of 1990 was passed. W ith that, the Filipino population in the United States increased. Today, there is a total of Ã¢â¬Å"over 3 million Filipinos in the United StatesÃ¢â¬ (Roces 4). Left: Larry Itliong, leader of the AFL-CIO. Middle: Filipino farm workers protesting.Right: A Filipino protestor.(Link: https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/09/16/440861458/grapes-of-wrath-the-forgotten-filipinos-who-led-a-farmworker-revolution) During the Delano Grape Strike in the 1960s to the 1970s, Larry Itliong made history with his alliance and connection to the Latinos that protested during the Delano Grape Strike by working alongside with Cesar Chavez and leading the Filipino farm workers to equal civil rights and an end to the discrimination that the Filipino and Latino workers faced in Delano. Itliong was the head of the AFL-CIO - Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee - and the co-founder of the NFWA - National Farm Workers Association. In one moment that was recalled by a certain individual during his youth, his father participated in a meeting called by Itliong. According to Guillermo, he stated from that individual account, Ã¢â¬Å"He recalled watching his father, Bob a Filipino laborer make the motion to strike in the meeting called by Iltiong, then the head of the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AFL-CIO)Ã¢â¬ (3). From this meeting that was called upon by Itliong, they started their prote sts which soon caught the attention of Cesar Chavez. At that point, Itliong and the NFWA soon made an alliance with Cesar Chavez and later created the United Farm Workers Union. From this collusion, this event Ã¢â¬Å"brought together Filipinos and Mexicans,Ã¢â¬ (Guillermo 5) and made the protest movement a greater force against their oppressors. Cesar Chavez, left, and Larry Itliong, right. (Link: https://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/19/us/larry-itliong-forgotten-filipino-labor-leader.html) 4. Behavior, Culture, Language, and Other Similarities Shared Between Filipinos and Latinos As it may be, there is a connection between Filipinos and Latinos on some levels. One shared factor is that Ã¢â¬Å"80% of U.S. immigrants migrate from Asian Pacific or Latin American countriesÃ¢â¬ (Tseng and Fuligni 2). Another factor being that there is a conflict in some Latino and Filipino families in which children and adolescents would get into conflicts due to the usage of English in conversations between family members. According to Tseng and Fuligni, it is shown that Ã¢â¬Å"adolescents who preferred English and who were less proficient in their parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ native Spanish or Asian Pacific languages also reported greater conflict with their parentsÃ¢â¬ (4). On the contrary, there are some Latino and Filipino families that have no conflicts over the usage between their native language and English. This is the case for that type of family since those types of parents Ã¢â¬Å"have close relationships with their English-speaking childrenÃ¢â¬ (5). According to a study b y Tseng and Fuligni, there is a balance between the Filipino and Latino families that speak both their native language and English. Specifically, 20% percent of Filipinos and 21% of Mexicans speak both of their native languages and English. (Tseng and Fuligni 16). Another connecting factor between Filipinos and Latinos are the words that are shared in the Spanish language. Specifically, both sides share the same pronunciation in numbers, foods, and other words. The only different being how their spelled. For example, calle (Ã¢â¬Å"streetÃ¢â¬ in Spanish) would translate to kalye in Tagalog; sayote - an edible vegetable - would translate to chayote in Tagolog. In terms of grammar and spelling, an example from Tagolog is the word gusto which has the same roots as the Spanish verb gustar which means Ã¢â¬Å"to likeÃ¢â¬ . The only difference between Tagolog and Spanish is how theyÃ¢â¬â¢re used based on grammar and spelling. According to Erazo, the mix of Spanish and Tagalog resulted in the idea of Filipino Spanish which Ã¢â¬Å"contains many Mexican Spanish words of NahuatlÃ¢â¬ (4). The Catholic is shared by both Filipinos and Latinos alike. The reason being that Ã¢â¬Å"Filipinos and Latinos really love baby JesusÃ¢â¬ (8). Finally, th ere are some last common last names shared between Filipinos and Mexicans - Santos, Reyes, Cruz, Garcia, Mendoza (Erazo 8), and other last names. An example of a Mexican-Filipino family would be the Latino popstar and singer, Enrique Iglesias (left), whose mom, Isabel Preslyer, is a Filipina (middle) and dad, Julio Iglesias Sr., is of Spanish descent (right). Left photo: https://nycmonthly.com/article/concert-spotlight-interview-with-enrique-iglesias/ Middle photo: http://ethnicelebs.com/isabel-preysler Right photo: https://compareceleb.com/388-julio-iglesias-sr.html 5. A Summary and Conclusion From the late 1590s, the Spanish colonized the islands of the Philippines and later created the Asian versions of themselves - Filipinos. That being said, the influence of the Philippines was became another version of Spain which was later colonized by the United States after two revolutionary wars. In turn, the presence of Filipinos in the United States rose once some people made their way through to the United States. But after World War II and the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, Filipinos made themselves more known in the United States and show to the Latinos that were present in the United States as well. Today, the connection between Filipinos and Latinos still grows because of the Spanish colonization and American colonization. 6. Annotated Bibliography Becker, Gay, et al. Ã¢â¬Å"IMMIGRATING FOR STATUS IN LATE LIFE: Effects of Globalization on Filipino American Veterans.Ã¢â¬ 3rd ed., vol. 14, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc., Sep. 2000. EBSCO Host, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=truedb=sihAN=3663243site=ehost-live. Accessed 24 March 2019. The authors bring the readers statistics and and summaries of Filipino veterans that immigrated to the US after World War II. That being said, Becker and the following authors will mention how lives were for the Filipinos ever since they immigrated to the US; what they had done during their time here in the US; and much more. This source will be used to show what Filipino veterans had done ever since they immigrated to the US and lived their lives here. Moreover, I will use this source to prove a connection between Filipinos and Mexicans. Gay Becker and the following authors are all professors from the University of California, San Francisco. Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. Ã¢â¬Å"Philippine Revolution.Ã¢â¬ Encyclopaedia Britannica, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 5 Aug. 2016, www.britannica.com/event/Philippine-Revolution. Accessed 17 March 2019. This article summarizes the whole story of the Philippine Revolution and how the Philippines came to be under the colonial rule of the Spanish and the rule of the United States afterwards. Specifically, the article mentions critical events and figures that led up the Philippine Revolution, such as the Cavite Mutiny, Dr. Jose Rizal, and other topics. This article will be used to discuss the history between the Filipinos and the Latinos in the late 1590s, how the Spanish culture came to terms with the Philippines and its inhabitants, and what exactly made the Filipinos what they are based on their culture and background. The Britannica has been the major hub for historical topics and figures by giving a summary of those topics. Erazo, Vanessa. Ã¢â¬Å"10 Reasons Why Latinos and Filipinos Are Primos.Ã¢â¬ Remezcla, 2015, remezcla.com/lists/culture/film-10-reasons-why-latinos-and-filipinos-are-primos/. Accessed 17 March 2019. Vanessa Erazo gives a quick rundown and correlation to why Filipinos are the Asian counterparts of Latinos. In doing so, she compares Filipinos to Latinos based on the language, religion, food, culture, and other factors that are shared between the two. This source is used to better support the connection between Filipinos and Latinos and explain why they are connected. Vanessa Erazo is a film and TV Editor for Remezcla - a news hub for entertainment and media regarding Latinos in films, television, music, and social media. Guillermo, Emil. Ã¢â¬Å"Eclipsed by Cesar Chavez, Larry Itliongs Story Now Emerges.Ã¢â¬ NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group, 8 Sept. 2015, www.nbcnews.com/news/ asian-america/eclipsed-cesar-chavez-larry-itliongs-story-now-emerges-n423336. Accessed 24 March 2019. Emil Guillermo raises the history and persona of Larry Itliong, a leader for the Filipino farm workers who protested for the same goal that Cesar Chavez wanted for him and the Mexican farm workers - equal civil rights and higher pay. With the accounts of few people who saw Itliong firsthand, Guillermo used those accounts to show what they saw and how those events led up to the formation of the United Farm Workers Union. This article will be used to discuss and give evidence about Filipinos in the 1960s and 1970s and their connection to the Latinos by talking about ItliongÃ¢â¬â¢s actions in the Delano Grape Strike. Emil Guillermo graduated from Harvard University and is a journalist and commentator. Roces, Mina. Ã¢â¬Å"Filipina/o Migration to the United States and the Remaking of Gender Narratives, 1906-2010.Ã¢â¬ 1st ed., vol. 27, Wiley-Blackwell, Apr. 2015. EBSCO Host, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=truedb=sihAN=101556321site=ehost-live. Accessed 24 March 2019. Mina Roces talks about how feminism has evolved over time for the Filipinas. She talks about how religion has been the foundation for all Filipinas as well as what has changed for them. This is source is only used to mention the history of the Filipinos in the United States. Mina Roces is a professor at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. She received her PhD from the University of Michigan. Vivian Tseng, and Andrew J. Fuligni. Ã¢â¬Å"Parent-Adolescent Language Use and Relationships Among Immigrant Families With East Asian, Filipino, and Latin American Backgrounds.Ã¢â¬ 2nd ed., vol. 62, May 2000. EBSCO Host, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=truedb=sihAN=3162481site=ehost-live. Accessed 24 March 2019. The authors Tseng and Fuligni mention the observations of the behavior of Latino and Asian families. In a sense, there is a correlation as to how youths would interact with their parents based on the connections to their cultural background. This source will be used to correlate the connection as to how similar Mexican and Filipino families interact. Tseng is a professor from UCLA and Fuligni is from the William T. Grant foundation.
Monday, March 2, 2020
9 Forms of the Past Tense 9 Forms of the Past Tense 9 Forms of the Past Tense By Mark Nichol Multiple variations of past tense that employ regular verbs occur in English. Explanations of the distinctions follow. Note that each section includes examples of positive-declarative, negative-declarative, and interrogative forms. 1. Simple Past A sentence in the simple-past form describes an event that occurred in the past: Ã¢â¬Å"They agreed with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They did not agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Did they agree with us?Ã¢â¬ Notice that in the first sentence, the verb form of agree is in past tense, but in the other examples, did does the heavy lifting of indicating the tense, so agree remains in present tense. In almost all other variations of past tense, the form of the verb Ã¢â¬Å"to beÃ¢â¬ and the participle retain the same form regardless of the type of sentence. 2. Past Progressive (or Past Continuous) Past-progressive statements and questions describe something that began in the past and continued to occur for a time before stopping: Ã¢â¬Å"They were agreeing with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They were not agreeing with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Were they agreeing with us?Ã¢â¬ 3. Past Perfect This tense form applies to events that began at a time preceding a period in the past: Ã¢â¬Å"They had agreed with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They had not agreed with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Had they agreed with us?Ã¢â¬ 4. Past Perfect Progressive (or Past Perfect Continuous) Sentences with this tense form describe something that occurred in the past and continued to occur after the fact but in the present is no longer occurring: Ã¢â¬Å"They had been agreeing with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They had not been agreeing with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Had they been agreeing with us?Ã¢â¬ 5. Past Habitual A sentence written in past-habitual tense describes an occurrence that once occurred continuously or repeatedly: Ã¢â¬Å"They used to agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They used to not agree with us.Ã¢â¬ (This formal usage is awkward and seldom used; we are more likely to write, Ã¢â¬Å"They used to disagree with us.Ã¢â¬ An informal version of the sentence, more likely to be used if no direct antonym like disagree is available for a given sentence, is Ã¢â¬Å"They didnÃ¢â¬â¢t use to agree with us.Ã¢â¬ ) Ã¢â¬Å"Used they to agree with us?Ã¢â¬ (This formal usage is rare. The informal form, much more common, is, Ã¢â¬Å"Did they use to agree with us?Ã¢â¬ ) 6. Time-Specific Past Habitual A variation of the past-habitual tense includes a specific time frame: Ã¢â¬Å"Before, they would agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Before, they would not agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Before, would they agree with us?Ã¢â¬ 7. Past Intensive A sentence in the past-intensive form describes something confirmed as having occurred: Ã¢â¬Å"They did agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They did not agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Did they agree with us?Ã¢â¬ 8. Future in the Past A future-in-the-past construction describes something that was supposed to have occurred after a time in the past: Ã¢â¬Å"They were going to agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They were not going to agree with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Were they going to agree with us?Ã¢â¬ Past Subjunctive This form is not numbered, because it is not, despite its name, a type of past tense, but it is identified here to make that point. A sentence formed in the past subjunctive describes a counterfactual event: Ã¢â¬Å"If they were going to agree with us, they would have told us by now.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"If they were not going to agree with us, they would have told us by now.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"If they were they going to agree with us, would they have told us by now?Ã¢â¬ 9. Past-Perfect Subjunctive Sentences with this subjunctive form, by contrast, do have a past-tense sense: Ã¢â¬Å"Had they agreed with us, they would have told us by now.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Had they not agreed with us, they would have told us by now.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Had they agreed with us, would they have told us by now?Ã¢â¬ Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Grammar category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:What Is Irony? (With Examples)Email EtiquetteQuiet or Quite?
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Communication and Society - Essay Example Crucial to these claims is the position that communication could refer to the most common and the most mundane. This is Carey's way of using the cultural approach to defining and explaining what communication is. This is the case in the sense that human daily activities collectively constitute the meanings and the reality that we perceive. The Mobile Texting Phenomenon To demonstrate CareyÃ¢â¬â¢s position, there is the case of the use of short messaging system (SMS) in mobile phones. If one examines how people communicate through this platform closely, one will find a uniquely different lexicon employed. "How are you?" becomes "hw r u?" or "You are late." becomes "u r l8". Words are radically shortened by redacting words or substituting figures to represent sounds in order to accommodate the restrictions posed by the messaging service. Cell phones usually allow only 160 characters per message. According to Lindholm, Keinonen and Kiljander (2003), Ã¢â¬Å"in advanced phone markets, a s in Scandinavia, Germany, or the Philippines, a whole new culture has been born around text messages as a response to the limitations 160 characters impose.Ã¢â¬ (p115) This is in addition to other variables like the way the messaging application and interface are designed and the way people interact with it. An excellent example to demonstrate the above points is the use of the so-called "emoticons", symbols that convey emotions. For instance, there is the case of the smiley, :-) an emoticon used to express how pleased one is, or an agreement or a greeting depending on the context of the conversation. The resulting communication process and symbols start to create a reality for people that eventually form collectivities that emerge as social, cultural, and even political forces and even institutions. The severely shortened language, for one, has triggered an attitude among people today to prefer simple, fast and mobile way of doing things. Blogs or online journals became popular way back but it never achieved the degree of wide usage that Twitter has achieved today. Dubbed as a micro blogging platform, Twitter lets users use its service to publish details about people's daily lives in short, concise and uncomplicated manner, not unlike the way people would "SMS" or "text" others. This is in contrast to the way users are required to publish elaborate and detailed messages in traditional blogs like Blogger or Wordpress. The implication of this development in the context of communication and the manner by which it could shape reality is the way it affects behaviors. People become increasingly impatient with details and this is reflected in the way they conduct their affairs and what they expect from their interactions with others. The significance of the SMS phenomenon can also be described from a critical point of view. For example, Patajo-Legasto (2010) argued that mobile phones stifle literacy and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to communicate in the real wo rld in real time by Ã¢â¬Å"wrecking havoc on spelling and grammar, and its erosion, in tandem with mindless computer games and Internet chat rooms.Ã¢â¬ (p410) Several other problems and criticisms were outlined. For instance, Clark and Brody stated: Part of the anxiety surrounding texting arises from its perceived tendency to disrupt protocols of recognition and